The beginning of the new Hijrah year – 1433. 1st of Muharram 1432 was on Sunday November 27th 2011, and 10 Muharram (‘Aashooraa) 1433 will fall on Tuesday 7th of December 2011.
09th Muharram 1433 = Monday December 5th 2011
10 Muharram (day of ‘Aashooraa) 1433 = Tuesday December 6th 2011
11 Muharram 1433 = Wednesday December 7th 2011
What is the ruling on fasting the Day of 'Ashoora'?
When the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi-wasallam) arrived in Al-Madinah, he found the Jews fasting on the tenth day of Muharram. He said, "I am more entitled to follow Musa (Peace be upon him) than you.'' Reported Al-Bukhari in the Book of Fasting)
In the Hadith of Ibn Abbas, may Allaah be please with him, whose authenticity is agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim it is stated that the Prophet (sallallaahu ýalaihi-wasallam) fasted on the Day of Ashura and he ordered that the fast be performed on it, and when he was asked about the virtue of fasting on it, he Prophet (sallallaahu ýalaihi-wasallam) said, ''I anticipate that Allaah will wipe out the sins of the year before it, and the year after it'' (Reported By Muslim in the Book of Fasting)
However, after that, he commanded that the Muslims should be different from the Jews by fasting the tenth and the day before it, which is the ninth or the day after it, which is the eleventh. Based upon this, it is preferable to fast on the tenth and to add a day before it or a day after it. Adding the ninth day to it is better than the eleventh.
So, my Muslim brother, it is desirable that you should fast on the Day of 'Ashura' and likewise on the ninth.
Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen (rahimahuAllaah)
Fatawa Arkanul-Islam- Question 442 pg 676
*Note of Benefit*
The expiation of sins that is achieved by fasting ‘Ashoora’ refers to minor sins; with regard to major sins, they need separate repentance.
Imam Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah expiates for all minor sins, in other words this brings forgiveness for all sins except for major sins.
Then he said: Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah is an expiation for two years, and the day of ‘Ashoora is an expiation for one year, and if a person’s Ameen coincides with the Ameen of the angels, his previous sins will be forgiven… Each of the things mentioned may bring expiation. If he does something that expiates for minor sins he will be expiated, and if there are no minor or major sins, it will be recorded for him as good deeds and he will rise in status thereby… If there is one or more major sins and no minor sins, we hope that it will reduce his major sins.
Al-Majmoo’ Sharh al-Muhadhdhab, part 6.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The expiation of purification, prayer, and fasting Ramadaan, ‘Arafah and ‘Ashoora’ applies to minor sins only.Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5.